Some people often associate the terms ‘French drain’ with fashion or something extravagant on the page, but it is not fancy stuff like what you imagine about that European country.
It is drainage, which is planted underground and drains water from one place to a special place used as water storage.
At the tail end, this water will be useful for watering plants, making the yard fertile or as a future reserve.
Table of Contents
1. Getting to Know French Drain System
There is a chance it got the French term through how the concept that it brought was able to make a house look better.
The drain itself is different from gutters. It is equipment for managing water on the ground. Muddy water is a bad view. That does not look as French as you think.
This is how the French drain system takes part. No more puddles in front of the house, which looks bad and dangerous for small children.
2. How French Drain Works
These drains divert standing water into the basement. In this place, the equipment keeps it as storage. It is a solution for effective basements and lots of water storage.
This drainage can be installed both inside and outside. You can place it on the inside of the house if you feel that the outside drain is not enough to retain all the water.
Installing drainage channels on the inside of the house also prevents water from seeping through the floor.
However, installing drainage in the interior of the house requires specific treatment. You have to cut the trench along the foundation then lay the French drainpipe and the sump pump.
The sump pump functions to transfer the water that is inside the house outside, to a water reserve.
3. French Drain Installation
Before owning this type of drain, you have to dig a trench and pay attention to the level of the slope according to the direction of water flow to the storage.
In general, drainage eight feet long has a slope of up to one inch. You can use straps attached to fork poles.
The rope will aid you to measure the distance between the measuring point and the bottom of the trench, making it easier to calculate the diameter of the French drainpipe.
A large enough ditch will make the drainage more effective. For that, we recommend a trench that is at least 12 inches wide and 20-24 inches in depth.
Besides, consider the following cautions:
- Be careful when placing the pipes so that the drains do not leak.
- If you are installing the drainage near the foundation, make sure the French drainpipe is located under the floor slab.
- When you are done with the excavation process, it is time to strengthen the drain.
- The excavated trench is filled using rocks. Do not forget to cover it with a waterproof cloth. It can prevent the presence of annoying weeds.
After that, the French drainpipe is ready to be dumped into the trench. There are two types of it:
- PVC manifold pipe – Its characteristics are rigid and have drilled holes. PVC is durable and sturdy. Inner blockages are easy to clean in this type.
- Regular pipe with an elastic and flexible material that has gaps – flexible pipes are widely sold, they are cheaper and easier to use.
After you have selected the French drainpipe, then it is time to install the pipe joints.
- Line the connector to the pipe sticking out of the ground. This becomes a medium for cleaning drainage.
- Fit the joint at a 45-degree angle to the first end of your pipe.
- If you choose PVC, the hole in the pipe should point downward. French drainage will keep water flowing from below, against the laws of nature.
- After that, do the previous step by wrapping the pipe with a cloth.
- Sprinkle gravel over the top of the pipe a few inches high.
- Cover the remaining elevated distance with soil.
You can also choose pipes with holes and waterproof fabrics. At the end of the drain, do not forget to place the barrel for water storage.
It will be the center for watering all the plants in the backyard.
4. Things to Consider When Making French Drain
Before deciding to make French Drainage, you should recognize a few things:
- You can close the pipe to establish a channel.
- However, it can take more effort in the future to maintain the drain when broken.
- If by any cost your French drainage is broken, consider asking for professional help. You deal with something complicated, so make it simple.
- Let the French drainage exposed without the cover can make a bad look in your yard. Consider using the steps below.
How to Conceal a French Drain
Having a drain exposed is such a shame for home design. It can ruin the perfect look of your house. That is why we need to do something.
- To conceal this drainage, first, pick the soil.
- Use the soil to cover up the installation.
- To create a perfect look, add the stone flakes.
- The stone is a perfect concealer to make the installation look tidier.
- If you want a perfect style, create a pathway on the top of the drainage, so no one thinks that it is a French drain.
- You can also add up the colorful sands as an easy concealer on the top of the soil. However, it is easy to mess up with this idea.
- Sand and stone are the best material because it can absorb the water and continue it to the soil.
Dealing with a French drain is a daunting task, which is why not many people love to build it by you. This is not the most-favorited DIY project.
That does not mean that it has no place at your home. You need French drainage, moreover in the wet season.
If you do not have high construction skills or want perfect drainage, consider asking for professional help. They will give us an aide.
After you install the French drain, you will realize that the rainy season is not as terrible as you think before.