When starting to plant, picking types of mulch is something you should do.
Mulch is not an all-purpose remedy for all farming problems. At least mulch has many functions. It can maintain soil moisture, repel pests, repel insects, and make plant growth more optimal.
There are many types of mulch for your plants from organic mulch to artificial mulch.
Every type of mulch has its strengths and weaknesses. However, you have to recognize them one by one to be able to choose which mulch is the best for your business.
Below are some recommendations for types of mulch that you can choose to make plants thrive and bear fruit well.
Included in the explanation is the information on types of mulch pros and cons.
Table of Contents
1. Get to Know the General Types of Mulch
Besides for their characteristics, gardeners’ pick is based on mulch types advantages-disadvantages.
The first type is organic mulch derived from natural materials such as wood, grass clippings, compost mixtures, newspapers, paper, or other products produced from plants.
The advantages of this organic mulch are that it is inexpensive, easy to absorb by the soil, and will not cause pollution. Besides, you also do not need to clean it when replacing plants with other vegetation.
However, organic mulch rots easily. You have to do refills regularly. Most professional gardeners use organic mulch because it is excellent for the soil and the environment.
Meanwhile, ordinary inorganic mulch is made from other things that are not easy to rot, such as rubber powder, stone cloth, and other materials.
The pros of this inorganic mulch are that it is not easily shattered, does not rot easily, so you do not need to replace it regularly.
However, the next time you want to replace plants with other vegetation, consider replacing the mulch because they cannot rot easily in the soil.
Apart from controlling weeds, inorganic mulch is equally great as a decorative cut.
2. Mulch Wood Chip, Bark, or Nugget
This mulch is the remains of the wood and paper industry. They are dark, come as flakes, and are sold in bags for an affordable price.
Among the various types of wood mulch, pine mulch is the most durable because it occupies a lot of acid content.
Regarding this reason, many people choose this pine mulch compared to other nations even though the price is more expensive.
Besides buying at the store, you can also buy mulches in various cottage industries that are engaged in wood and papermaking businesses.
They will give it to you free, but you have to dry it yourself so that the wood chips become mulch, which protects the plants from weeds and also keeps them moist.
3. Oats, Wheat, and Straw Types of Mulch for Garden
Mulches in this category are perfect for protecting grass seeds from heavy river currents, rodents, and grass-damaging birds.
- They can also help the germination run optimally.
- Not only buying mulch at a plant shop, but you can also get it free.
- Look for these types of mulch for garden on farms or in wheat fields.
- You can pick up plenty of leftover hay, as well as wheat, and turn into mulch.
Dry the remaining hay and wheat. Spread them near the plant seeds that are ready to sprout.
Compared to wood mulch, the one that is made from straw, oats, and wheat tends to be lighter and presents a better appearance in your garden.
4. Leaf Mulch
Do you want a mulch that is ready everywhere and affordable? Try leaf or grass mulch. They exist everywhere, including in the backyard.
How to make mulch type of leaf is as follows.
- Cut the grass and leaves or grate them into pieces.
- At that time, dry it in the sun.
- After the leaves and grass are dry, it will become mulch.
- Spread it near the plants, but do not apply this material too thickly.
- Avoid using it on plants that have been sprayed with pesticides, insecticides, or herbicides.
Although leaf mulch is cost-effective, many people prefer other kinds of mulches.
This thing happens when they want a mulch that is more durable and can be applied to plants with insecticides and herbicides.
5. Rock Mulch
This is the most durable mulch, not easily damaged, and functions as decorative pieces in the backyard.
The pile of rock mulch does not require regular replacement because besides being safe for the environment, it is also sturdy.
However, rock mulch cannot be placed close to plants because it will hamper the process of extracting groundwater and put heat stress on the plants.
Rock mulch can only be placed on the edge of the yard so that it can keep the soil moist without interfering with the plant growth.
Rock mulch does not require special processing like other mulches, which must go through a drying process.
6. Cardboard Mulch
Cardboard mulch is a type of strong mulch — unlike the leaves ones — but also breaks down easily in the soil, but you cannot use only this cardboard mulch.
After spreading this mulch near the plants, you have to cover it with organic matter. The reason is that cardboard mulch is light.
Thus, without other heavy mulch, it will be easy to fly everywhere. Make sure you do not use colored newspaper pages as that will poison the plants.
7. Compost Mulch
Besides being planted inside the soil, compost can also be a mulch to spread around the plants.
Compost mulch is easy to decompose in the soil, can fertilize plants, and does not fly as easily as paper mulch. However, compost mulch smells bad so it is best not to overly spread it
Compared to compost, mulch from animal manure is drier, since it involves a particular process to remove the water in the first place previously.
There is plenty of mulch to maintain your plant growing properly and to absorb too much water in the soil. Selecting the right one will make your backyard look amazing with various types of vegetation.
You can make the types of mulch by yourself, but buying it in the store will not burden you since the thing is cost-effective.
Let’s start cultivating your plant and spread the types of mulch you have before.