DIY Ideas

Knowing the Types of Wood Joints as well as Its Functions

There are various types of wood joints available in the market that people do not know yet. They usually use the butt or bridle version only to connect two pieces. 

To make your craft better, it is important to know more types of wood joints available. Remember that the stronger the connections are, the longer the object will last. 

Therefore, by choosing the right types of wood joints, it does not only make your craft look better but also stronger. Nevertheless, make sure to cut the edges in precise to give the best results.

1. Miter Joint 


Many people may notice this as one of the popular types of wood joints: the milter design. This kind of connection is usually for frames as well as doorway casing. 

Even though it seems simple, making a milter joint is not as easy as it looks. It is even almost impossible to get the length, as well as the position, of the parts together if you cut them separately. 

Therefore, to make sure you make them precisely, use a scrap wood that will help you guide the position. Then, lock the piece with tape or clamp, so they do not move or shift a bit. 

Moreover, to make the milter joints less visible, try to use the same tone. If you use a different color, people can see the difference, and it will be less good than the original. 

Next, to make sure that the wood joints lock perfectly together, align it with biscuit slots. This is a minor job, but it helps make them stick better as well as stronger. 

To make sure that they are 90 degrees, you can use corner clamps to shape them up. Normally, if you cut the wood joints right, they should be in that position.

2. Lap Types of Wood Joint


Just like its name, the lap wood joint connects two logs with an overlapping method. Usually, one of the logs is still full as well as thicker, while the other part is thinner.

You usually use these types of wood joints in carcasses for furniture, such as dressers and desks. One of the functions is to help add sturdiness without adding additional height to it.

If you can cut the materials well, lap wood joint can be quite strong and last long. To make this happen, mark the areas of the log and cut them at the same time. 

3. Dovetail Joint


If you are planning to make something big and need a strong connection, use a dovetail joint. However, making this is not easy, and it needs extra effort. 

A dovetail joint is an interlocking series that consists of pins as well as tails. The bottom or longer parts are into one shape of the wood. Meanwhile, the upper side gas holes to adjust the opposite side.

Even though it seems complicated, this joint is one of the strongest designs compared to the others. It has a large area for gluing, which makes it hard to pull apart. 

You can also make four dovetail joints. They are through, half-blind, secret mitered, as well as sliding design. The difference between these models is in the interlocking system.

If you want something simple, the sliding dovetail is the easiest to make. On the other hand, if you want to visible the connection, choose the secret mitered. 

However, determining which types of wood joints to choose depends on the function object you use it for. 

4. Butt Joint


From all types of wood joints, the butt design is the simplest yet easiest connection to make. All you need to do is connect the end of two squares.

Unlike other types of wood joints, cutting the edge of the logs will not be too hard for this type. People just need to cut it in a square to connect the logs.

Nevertheless, make sure the cutting is equal and even so, people will not notice the connection because this issue occurs when making butt joint. 

For this kind of joint, you can connect those using nails or screws to make them stronger. However, using glue is also possible, but it is not as strong as the first option. 

People usually use this kind of wood joints for doors as well as windows, too, but many people dislike this kind of connection because it does not make their furniture look good.

5. Mortise and Tenon Joint


Joining two pieces of woods together but making them look invisible is possible by using mortise and tenon joint. The main concept of this connection is just like a puzzle.

Thus, one part will be bigger, whereas the other part is smaller and is a part of the big puzzle. People usually use this kind of design on the sofa as well as table sets where they can connect. 

6. Japanese Wood Joints


The Japanese wood joints are famous for their strength but also a complicated process. It can connect more than two logs and the shapes are just not common.

However, one of the advantages of Japanese wood joints is that they are firm and not visible. Thus, they make the connections inside, so people do not even notice that they consist of a few pieces. 

Another great thing about this kind of wood joint is that you can use it for any kind of needs, from doors to furniture. Moreover, their shapes are unique, making them more interesting. 

Manufacturers make most Japanese wood joints with the help of technology, but you can still find several handmade items, too.

Normally, each kind of wood joints is for any type of project. Nevertheless, you will have to consider the design as well as the function of your object, too. 

Just keep in mind that the butt joint is the easiest project to make. However, this is also the weakest one of all because it only combines two squares. 

On the other hand, if you want something stronger, you can use Japanese types of wood joints. However, if you find this option too hard, use the dovetail connection. 

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